With the fall upon us and the end of October is near Halloween is just days away. The air is getting colder, the apples ripen, hunters get anxious for deer season, the day’s shorten but most of all the trees are doing something wonderful. Maine is known to be full of beautiful foliage from the seasonal change. Maine, aka Vacationland, is a gateway to thousands of miles of colorful roads and views across thousands of acres of uninhabited forests. Accessing this land is easy due to a number of national parks in the state which preserve and provide easy access.

Maine is a northern temperate deciduous forest biome, it is partially coniferous tress but mostly deciduous trees fill up the forests. With the deciduous trees acclimating to the cold northern climate they have evolved to drop their leaves to conserve energy. This process is a combination of lacking sunlight due to shorter days and the seasonal change. Trees respond to the decreasing amount of sunlight by producing less and less chlorophyll. Eventually, a tree stops producing chlorophyll. When that happens, the carotenoid(a color generating cellular function) in the leaves can finally show through. The leaves become a bright rainbow of glowing yellows, reds, oranges and browns.

Many vacationers from all over visit Maine this time of year for the wonderful colors nature creates. This foliage tracks tourists and creates a huge revenue for local Maine businesses. While attracting tourists, it also creates a market for fun fall activities for these visitors. Things like corn mazes, pumpkin picking and carving, hay rides, apple picking, cider making, moose watching, migratory bird watching, hiking and camping. This all is available here in the great state of Maine and will continue to thrive as these visitors come and cherish the beauty of Maine’s landscape.

Picture from National Geographic