As winter is fast approaching here in Maine the beauty of fall is about to be covered with a thick white blanket of snow. The beautiful sound of chirping in the early morning hours, will no longer be around until next spring. Most of the birds that live in a four season state or a state that usually gets snow will start to head down to a warmer climate that has more resources for them. The main resources for a bird is food and nesting location. In my way of describing what migrate is a number of people or birds that move in a large group to travel a far distance. As winter keeps getting closer and closer the number of birds in the area has been decreasing. Although most of the birds usually migrate, partridge always stay within at least a kilometer from where they were born. Out of the bird population there is about 4,000 different species of bids of birds that regularly migrate every year. When birds migrate they have usually fly in a V formation or a Jimage

Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens), flock in v formation, Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge , New Mexico, USA,

formation because they are conserving energy that way because they are taking advantage of the wind that is created by the birds that lead the group in the formation.
Although most of the birds usually migrate, partridge always stay within at least a kilometer from where they were born. In Maine one bird that usually travels in a large group while they migrate is called the American goldfinch. One kind of bird that stays in Maine throughout Maine’s harsh winters is the mourning dove, when they get cold they start to puff up. There is about 150 different species of waterfowl, yet in Maine we usually have up to 34. In the winter we end up having 18 species. When waterfowl migrate, they consistently fly unless they are exhausted or the weather is bad. At least half of the birds that go down south for winter will not return for the spring because they didn’t survive. Even though the birds go and migrate down south for the winter they always seem to come back once the ice starts to brake and the warmth is back in the air. The reason they come back in spring time is so they can breed and by the time that they have to leave for the winter there hatchlings will be old enough to migrate with them.image

Advertisements